The Laws Examined

The Laws Examined

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Before ADG starts

Law 1 Is self-explanatory and is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), which requires the referee to toss a coin to decide the goal where the kicks take place.

Law 2 is self-explanatory and is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), where the team winning the toss has the choice of kicking first or second.

Law 3 is designed to encourage fair play. Teams who received red cards during normal play will be at a disadvantage during ADG.

Law 4 requires each team to designate their five attackers with the referee prior to the start of ADG. If a team has had a player or players sent off during the match, the law ensures the team still fields an attacker for five contests.

Law 5 is self-explanatory.

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During ADG

Law 6 is identical to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), which allows only the eligible players and match officials to remain on the field of play.

Law 7 is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), and requires the players who are currently not competing to remain within the centre circle in the disused half of the field. An assistant referee will supervise these players.

Law 8 is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), which designates the positioning of the goalkeeper who is the team-mate of the current kicker.

Law 9 describes how a team will forfeit a contest if they are unable to field an attacker. This would occur if the player was sent off. Another example is an attacker who is injured, with his team having already their additional substitution.

Law 10 describes how the decision to field a specific defender is made only after seeing the opposition’s attacker.

Law 11 is self-explanatory.

Law 12 describes how an attacker is allowed to go one-on-one against the goalkeeper. This arises if one team begins ADG with more players than the opposition.

Law 13 is similar to The Start and Restart of Play law, which requires opponents to be at least 10 yards from the ball until it is in play.

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Law 14 is self-explanatory.

Law 15 designates kick-off from the ADG mark, which is 29.26m (32 yards) from the goal line. The law also stipulates a twenty second time limit. This mitigates against a standoff between the attacker and the defender. Twenty seconds ensures urgency, but also provides ample time for unpredictable and exhilarating contests.

Law 16 circumvents The Start and Restart of Play offence, which penalises the player taking the kick-off if they touch the ball again before it has touched another player.

Law 17 is self-explanatory.

Law 18 stipulates that a contest will end if the ball goes out of play. Both the referee and the assistant referee on the goal line will adjudicate on whether a ball is in or out of play.

Law 19 and Law 20 are self-explanatory.

Law 21 is self-explanatory and an example is an attacker who loses possession of the ball and fouls the defender while trying to regain it.

Law 22 stipulates a penalty kick if the defender or goalkeeper commits a foul. As the twenty second time period is disregarded, the contest will conclude when one of the following occurs:

  • goal is scored
  • goalkeeper controls ball with their hands inside the penalty area
  • ball goes out of play
  • attacker commits a foul or offence as per Law 23 or Law 24
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Law 23 is self-explanatory and an example is an attacker who during the penalty kick, feints to kick the ball after completing their run-up.

Law 24 is similar to the law from The Penalty Kick, which stipulates a free kick if the kicker touches the ball again before it has touched another player.

Law 25 is self-explanatory.

Law 26 requires the referee to keep a record of the contests. As each contest unfolds, they record: the defenders and goalkeepers, if a goal is scored, and the score. 

Law 27 is identical to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), which allows an outfield player to become the goalkeeper. This situation may arise in ADG if a goalkeeper is sent off or injured, with the team having already used their additional substitution.

Any on-field attacker or defender can become the goalkeeper, and this is regardless of whether the player has already competed in a contest.

Law 28 is self-explanatory and an example would be a team with an injured defender. A player who is already on the field may not change places with the injured player.

Of course, if the team still has their additional substitute available, they can simply replace the injured player with a substitute.

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Subject to the conditions below, the teams play a total of ten contests

Law 29 is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), which requires five kicks to be taken alternately. The teams take attacking and defending.

Law 30 is self-explanatory and is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), where each kick is taken by a different player and all players must take a kick before any player can take a second kick.

Law 31 is self-explanatory and is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), where if one team has an unassailable lead, the match is over.

Law 32 is similar to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), which describes the sudden death procedure that occurs if scores are still level after the ten kicks. The players from the first contest will now compete in the first sudden death contest.

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Substitutions, cautions & sending-offs during ADG

Law 33 allows each team an additional substitute and substitution opportunity. If teams suffer an injury during ADG, the additional substitute ensures that they will not be unfairly disadvantaged.

Law 34 is similar to the law from The Players/Extra Time, and allows a team to utilise any of their unused substitutes and/or substitution opportunities during ADG.

Law 35 is similar to the law from The Players/Extra Time, and stipulates that substitutions made between normal play and ADG do not count as used substitution opportunities.

Law 36 addresses offences that deny the attacker an obvious goal-scoring opportunity (DOGSO). With the attacker competing against just a defender and goalkeeper, goal-scoring opportunities will be a normal occurrence.

Therefore, to avoid an excessive number of sanctions, the punishments cannot be as severe as during normal play. Moreover, as a foul on the attacker always results in a penalty kick (a very good opportunity to score), the goal-scoring opportunity lost by the offence is always restored.

Regardless whether the offence occurs inside or outside the penalty area, if the foul is careless, the player is not cautioned or sent off.

However, to discourage unfair play and analogous to the IFAB’s current The Laws of the Game, holding, pulling or pushing, or any offence which is not an attempt to play the ball or challenge for the ball, receives a yellow card. Of course, reckless or excessive force challenges remain yellow and red card offences, respectively.

Finally, a handball DOGSO remains a red card offence.

Law 37 is identical to the law from Penalties (penalty shoot-out), and requires the referee to continue with ADG even in the event of a team having less than seven players on the field.

Denying an Obvious Goal-Scoring Opportunity (DOGSO) Sanction

Careless foul

None

Reckess foul

Yellow Card

Holding, pulling or pushing, or no attempt to play the ball
or challenge for the ball

Yellow Card

Excessive force foul

Red Card

Handball

Red Card

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